The Handmade Ceramics production process can be divided into four stages: raw material production (glaze and clay production), forming, glazing and firing.
The production of raw materials is divided into:
1. Glaze making
Glaze→ ball grinding fine crushing (ball mill), →iron removal (iron remover), → sieve (vibrating screen) → finished glaze
2. Clay making
Sludge→ ball grinding (ball mill) → mixing (mixer)→ iron removal (iron remover)→ sieve (vibrating screen)→ slurry extraction (slurry pump)→ sludge pressing (filter press)→ vacuum mud training (mud trainer, agitator)
Forming is divided into: blank forming method, clay plate forming method, clay strip plate making method, freehand kneading method, and manual sculpture molding.
The drying of ceramics is one of the very important processes in the production process of ceramics, and a large part of the quality defects of ceramic products are caused by improper drying. The drying speed of ceramics is fast, energy-saving, high-quality, pollution-free, etc. are the basic requirements for drying technology in the new century.
The drying of the ceramic industry has experienced natural drying, room drying room drying, and now continuous dryers, far-infrared dryers, solar dryers and microwave drying technologies of various heat sources.
Although drying is a relatively simple technology, it is widely used in industrial processes, which is not only related to the quality and yield of ceramics, but also affects the overall energy consumption of ceramic enterprises.
According to statistics, the energy consumption in the drying process accounts for 15% of the total fuel consumption of the industry, and in the ceramic industry, the energy consumption for drying accounts for much more than this, so the energy saving of the drying process is related to the energy conservation of enterprises.
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